UPDATE: There’s a new domain parameter in rssCloud that makes this DDoS far, far worse. Since there’s no verification (yet) on rssCloud endpoints, you can now subscribe any server to any rssCloud hub’s notifications.
While researching some of the issues of rssCloud running in a shared hosting environment, I came across a serious vulnerability in the protocol. The vulnerability allows someone to cripple a shared web host. Because of the sensitive nature of this vulnerability, I’m not going to share example code or which shared host(s) are vulnerable. The fix is easy: follow these security recommendations to close the hole.
The inspiration for this vulnerability was discovered by Nick Lothian’s post on FriendFeed. It turns out that many shared hosting providers route incoming and outgoing HTTP requests through different IP addresses. The process of routing the HTTP requests is usually done transparently by a networking gear outside of the web servers themselves.
rssCloud’s specification infers the endpoint from the
REMOTE_ADDR CGI variable at the time of the subscription. It would be very difficult to get an rssCloud subscriber working in a shared hosting environment because every subscription request you make goes out on IP address A, but all of your incoming requests come in via port 80 on IP address B. For some shared web providers, the machines that make outgoing requests are also web servers, serving banner messages or redirects to sales sites. Because they are web servers, they are considered valid rssCloud REST endpoints (returning 200 OK for POST requests on some URLs).
When you put these pieces together, it becomes readily apparent that you can now subscribe your shared host’s outgoing HTTP request IP address to any number of feeds. Considering that Wordpress has 7.5 million blogs that speak rssCloud, there’s a significant number of blogs that could end up pinging the machine.
There are probably a number of other interesting vulnerabilities in this area, such as traffic that travels through a proxy, or an anonymizing service such as TOR. It may be possible to knock one of these offline by subscribing it to a large number of feeds.
The problem with rssCloud is that its subscription request only proves that you can make requests via the given IP address, not that the given IP address is willing to receive them. By adding the challenge parameter I suggested in the previous post, you can now guarantee that the endpoint is willing to receive these requests, making it much harder to subscribe an unwilling participant in the protocol.Read full post